Clark, Robert - Copland, Alexander

  • CLARK, Robert printer Edinburgh
    Hanover Street 1844-1846
    57 Hanover Street 1847-50
    42 Hanover Street 1851
    R. & R. Clark same address 1851-64
    Robert Clark same address 1865-72
    R. & R. Clark same address 1873-20th Century
    The account in Clark's of Edinburgh begins'Robert Clark, son of a Montrose solicitor, who started work in a law printer's office in Edinburgh at the age of 13, began it all. When he was 21 he took the plunge, borrowed £200, and moved into a workshop at No 13 George November 1846...The business grew until more commodious premises had to be taken over at 42 Hanover Street.' This does not tally with the facts as given in the contemporary Edinburgh Directories.
    Edin Dir 1850; Schenck; "Clark's of Edinburgh" Centenary of famous printing house. Edinburgh, 1946. Reprinted from The Scotsman, November 25, 1946.
  • CLARK, T[homas] & T[homas] law booksellers and publishers Edinburgh
    Thomas Clark law bookseller 8 Parliament Square 1821-23
    32 George Street 1823-28
    38 George Street 1829-45
    T. & T. Clark law publishers same address 1846-20th Century
    Thomas Clark was born in 1799 and served an apprenticeship with David Brown of Edinburgh, and spent some years with the London law bookseller, Joseph Butterworth of Fleet Street, before starting as a law bookseller in Edinburgh in 1821. About 1830 the firm began to tend towards theological publishing, without abandoning law publishing altogether. Indeed the firm started to publish the monthly Law Chronicle in 1829, however it was not greatly successful, and was discontinued within five years. In 1846 the founder's nephew, another Thomas Clark (1823-1900) joined the firm, and it became T. & T. Clark. The elder Thomas Clark died at Blairgowrie 22 December 1865. The younger Thomas Clark was made a baronet in 1886. Many of the firms records are held by the National Library of Scotland (Deposits 247 and 342 and Accessions 10689, 10785 and 11268).
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1825; 1837; 'The Publishing house of T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh' The Bookseller July 1882; John A. H. Dempster. The T. & T. Clark story. Edinburgh, 1992.
  • CLARK, Thomas law bookseller Edinburgh
    8 Parliament Square 1822-24
    32 George Street 1825-28
    38 George Street 1829-45
    T. & T. Clark law publishers same address 1846-20th Century
    Pigot 1825; 1837; Edin Dir; 'The Publishing house of T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh' The Bookseller July 1882; John A. H. Dempster. The T. & T. Clark story. Edinburgh, 1992.
  • CLARK, William ironmonger Aberdeen
    Castle Street 1816-28
    Agent for Bible Societies.
  • CLARK, William & Son bookseller & printer Campbelltown
    Main Street 1852
    Slater 1852
  • CLARK, William bookseller & newspaper publisher Dunfermline
    Dunfermline 1828-51
    High Street 1852
    'I commenced business here as a bookseller in 1828, with a capital in money and goods, of about £100 ... I got on with tolerable ease and comfort, till the beginning of 1839, when Mr Davidson bookseller here failed' Lost money on property speculation and suffered bankruptcy in 1842. Publisher of the Dunfermline Monthly Journal 1852
    Circular dated 5th October 1842 in National Library of Scotland Chambers Papers Dep341/635; Slater 1852
  • CLARK, William newspaper office Edinburgh
    Scotsman Office 13 Potter Row 1831-33
    Courant Office 22 Carnegie Street 1834-51
    no trade same address 1852
    Guardian Office same address 1853
    house agent same address 1854-60
    no trade same address 1861-74
    Edin Dir
  • CLARK, William newspaper printer Greenock
    Greenock Intelligencer - house William Street 1834
    Fowler 1834
  • CLARK, William bookseller Stirling
    Stirling 1795
    John Muckarsie. Children's catechism was printed for him at Stirling in 1795.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • CLARKE, George printers and publishers Aberdeen
    William Gordon & George Clark bookbinders, booksellers and stationers Aberdeen 1801
    Milton's Head, Upperkirkgate 1802
    George Clarke bookseller Milton's Head, Broad Street 1804-20
    59 Broad Street before 1824
    and newsroom Cheyne's Court, 71 Broad Street 1824-28
    George Clarke & Son wholesale booksellers & stationers 15 Broad Street 1830
    & papermakers 15 Broad Street 1842-67
    17 Broad Street 1868-75
    That shop lately occupied by deceased William Paterson Aberdeen Journal 1802. Partnership of William Gordon & George Clark ended in 1804, when both continued separately. Opened a short-lived branch shop and circulating library in Peterhead 1805; established a literary saloon 1824. Son, James taken as a partner 1830; George retired 1837. The firm printed chapbook editions of Mill o' Tifties Annie in 1868 and Sir James the Rose by Michael Bruce 1869.
    Beavan; Chapbook Printers; Pigot 1820; 1825
  • CLARKE, George R. circulating library, bookseller and London patent medicine warehouse Edinburgh
    6 St Andrew Street 1811-12
    bookseller 8 South St David's Street 1814
    Sequestration in SRO 1813.
    Edin Dir; SRO CS231/C/1/39
  • CLARKE, James bookseller Aberdeen
    17 Broad Street 1869-82
    Appears in the imprint of George Clarke and Son's chapbook edition as selling Sir James the Rose by Michael Bruce 1869. He may perhaps be the Son of George Clarke & Son.
    Chapbook Printers
  • CLARKE [CLERK], James printer Edinburgh
    Cooper's Entry, Cowgate 1806-07
    John Clarke same address 1810-11
    56 Cowgate 1812-18
    J. Clark 56 Merchant Court 1819-20
    [Andrew] Balfour and [James] Clarke same address 1821-23
    James Clarke & Co Old Stamp Office Close [221 High Street] 1824-44
    John Clarke 1810-11; Alison Square address 1810-12 is the house address; Christian name in 1821. Clarke of Balfour and Clarke 1821-23, Number 1824, 1828.
    Edin Dir
  • CLARKE, James printer Edinburgh
    James Clarke 17 Keir Street 1823-25
    James Clarke of James Clarke & Co same address 1827
    Teviot Row 1830
    112 Lauriston Place 1835
    Edin Dir
  • CLARKE [CLARK], James & Co printers and publishers Edinburgh
    James Clarke 17 Keir Street 1823
    Old Stamp Office Close 221 High Street 1824-44
    Publishers of a numbered twopenny series of children's chapbooks in coloured wrappers, with catalogues on the back covers. Apprentice: John Dewar, Burgess 25 April 1839, apprenticed the same day as from 15 March 1825.
    Edin Dir; Chapbook Printers; EdinBurg; Pigot 1825
  • CLARKE [CLARK], John printer Edinburgh
    Cowgate 1810-11
    56 Cowgate 1812-18
    56 Merchant Court 1819
    John Clark of Messrs Stevenson [Duncan] and Company printers [Parliament Stairs] 18 Canal Street 1820
    'James' 1812.
    Edin Dir
  • CLARKE [CLERK], K. bookbinder Edinburgh
    Cowgate 1806-11
    155 Cowgate 1812-14
    156 Cowgate 1815-20
    K. Clarke 1810-20.
    Edin Dir
  • CLARKSON bookbinder Edinburgh
    Foot of Warriston's Close, Luckenbooths 1804
    Denovan 1804 only
    Edin Dir
  • CLARKSTON MILL paper warehouse Glasgow
    77 Bell Street 1828-40
    Mill No 68 Clarkston Mill, Airdrie by Glasgow. In the possession of David Muir & Co, 1832> Not in the Mill Lists in 1825 or 1852.
    Glas Dir; Thomson
  • CLAY, William printer Edinburgh
    55 High Street 1848-49
    Edin Dir
  • CLAYTON, Joseph bookseller stationer & druggist Keith
    Mid Street 1852
    Slater 1852
  • CLEGHORN & Co paper and rag warehouse Edinburgh
    16 Catherine Street, Head of Leith Walk 1804
    Denovan's Directory 1804 only
    Edin Dir
  • CLEGHORN, James paper maker &c. Kenleith
    Kenleith 1817
    Sequestration in SRO 1817.
    SRO CS96/695
  • CLEGHORN, William bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1755-73
    Post-House Stairs 1774-82
    Old Post-House Stairs 1784-90
    Married Barbara daughter to the deceased John Weir weaver in Toryburn 16 November 1755. Daughter, Barbara married Alexander Brown bookseller 13 April 1777. Daughter Elizabeth married John Elder bookseller and stationer 22 September 1789.
  • CLELAND, Charles bookbinder Edinburgh
    At the Foot of Allan's Close 1784-85
    Craig's Close 1786
    Charles Cleland bookseller and stationer At the head of Fleshmarket Close, House: Anchor Close 1788
    Charles Cleland and Alexander Smith booksellers and stationers almost opposite the Tron Kirk High Street June 1788
    bookbinder Anchor Close 1789-90
    In Supplement Edin Dir 1784. 'Charles Cleland bookbinder of High Kirk Parish, Edinburgh married, on the 25th October 1786, Margaret, of the same parish, daughter of the deceased Thomas Scott in the Castle of Edinburgh'. A son Charles, was born to them on 24 October 1789. An advertisement 'Charles Cleland and Alexander Smith booksellers and stationers have opened shop ... C. Cleland still continues the bookbinding business' Edinburgh Evening Courant 5 June 1788. He afterwards emigrated to the United States and is found advertising in the New York Journal as 'lately from Edinburgh' in 1792.
    NLS Impr Ind; Edin Dir; EdinMarr; John Collins. 'An Edinburgh Thesis Binding by Charles Cleland c. 1784'. (English and Foreign Bookbindings 42) The Book Collector, Autumn 1987, Vol.34, 372-4. John Morris. 'Charles Cleland, Bookbinder, Edinburgh' The Book Collector, Winter 1989, Vol.38, 544-6.
  • CLELAND, John lithographic printer Glasgow
    30 Virginia Street 1822-25
    In 1825 Cleland's business was taken over by James Miller.
    Pigot 1825; Schenck; Glas Dir
  • CLELAND, Robert motto ring engraver Edinburgh
    West Bow 1775-77
    Edin Dir
  • CLERK and Company printers Edinburgh
    Mealmarket Stairs, Cowgate 1806-07
    St Leonard's Hill 1808
    Cowgate 1809
    Edin Dir
  • CLERK, A. engraver Edinburgh
    56 Potterrow 1836-37
    Gray 1836; 1837
  • CLERK [CLARKE], James printer Edinburgh
    Cooper's Entry, Cowgate 1806-07
    John Clarke same address 1810-11
    56 Cowgate 1812-18
    J. Clark 56 Merchant Court 1819-20
    [Andrew] Balfour and [James] Clarke same address 1821-23
    James Clarke & Co Old Stamp Office Close [221 High Street] 1824-44
    John Clarke 1810-11; Alison Square address 1810-12 is the house address; Christian name in 1821. Clarke of Balfour and Clarke 1821-23, Number 1824, 1828.
    Edin Dir
  • CLERK [CLARKE], K. bookbinder Edinburgh
    Cowgate 1806-11
    155 Cowgate 1812-14
    156 Cowgate 1815-20
    K. Clarke 1810-20.
    Edin Dir
  • CLERK, Robert bookseller and bookbinder Edinburgh
    Parliament House 1768-84
    and Kincaid's Land Cowgate 1773-1805
    not in Edin Dir 1786-90
    Kincaid's Land, Cowgate 1793-99
    Kinnear's Land, Cowgate Denovan 1804
    bookbinder Cowgate, South side 1805
    Born in 1738, son of John Clerk, a printer, said to have been descended from Alexander Clerke, Lord Provost of Edinburgh at the commencement of the seventeenth century. About the age of seventeen, after finishing his apprenticeship, married Barbara, daughter of John Williamson, farmer at Bellside, near Linlithgow. He was sued in 1773 by William Johnston of London for selling pirated editions of Henry Brooke's Fool of Quality and Smollett's Humphry Clinker. In 1789 he sold off his stock and retired to Newhaven, where he owned a property known as 'The Whale', after his wife died in 1800, he lodged with his tenant Mrs Duguid who was running 'The Whale' as an inn. He died in 1810.
    NLS Impr Ind; Edin Dir; Timperley 837-8; Kay; McDougall. Smugglers
  • CLERK, Thomas engraver Edinburgh
    Head of Reid's Close Canongate 1804-05
    Craig's Close 1806-10
    265 High Street 1811-26
    9 Merchant Street 1827-28
    22 St James Square 1829-36
    engraver and printer and surveyor of taxes same address 1838
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1820; 1825; 1837; Johnst3
  • CLERK, William bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1774
    Married Isobel daughter of deceased John Drummond, gentleman's servant in Lasswade 11 September 1774.
  • CLEVERCOCK, Mr. printer Glasgow
    Smock-Alley 1756
    Adam Cock. A voyage to Lethe... Glasgow: printed for Mrs. Laycock. at Mr. Clevercock's ...1756. A false imprint.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • CLINKSCALES, John bookseller and bookbinder Dunbar
    High Street 1825
    Pigot 1825
  • CLINKSCALES, John bookbinder and stationer Johnstone
    bookbinder and stationer 17 High Street 1851
    bookseller & bookbinder High Street 1852
    Paisley 1851; Slater 1852
  • CLOW, Andrew & Henry booksellers Glasgow
    90 Hutcheson Street 1825
    Pigot 1825
  • CLUGSTON, Robert bookseller Dumfries
    Dumfries 1794-8
    Sequestration in SRO 1800.
    NLS Impr Ind; SRO CS231/C/1/17
  • CLUNES, James newspaper office Edinburgh
    of Mercury Office 21 Salisbury Square 1839
    of Mercury Office 2 Salisbury Square 1840-42
    of Mercury Office 33 Parkside Street 1843-50
    Edin Dir
  • CLYDE COMMERCIAL LIST newspaper office Greenock
    15 Hamilton Street 1831
    46 Hamilton Street 1834-45
    William Johnston & Son Fowler 1834-45
    Fowler 1831; 1834; 1836; Greenock 1845
  • CLYDE SHIPPING ADVERTISER OFFICE newspaper office Glasgow
    Springfield Court, 69 Queen Street 1844
    Glas Dir
  • CLYDE, W. bookseller Perth
    Perth 1785
    Sold The confessions of faith. Glasgow. 1785.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • CLYDE, William bookseller Perth
    High-street 1820
    Pigot 1820
  • COALYEIR, Andrew bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1674
    Son to William Coalyeir in Craigiewall apprenticed to John Wacker bookbinder 4 March 1674.
  • COBBAN, Robert & Co printers Aberdeen
    Duthie's Court, 35 Guest Row 1827-32
    Printers of The Aberdeen Star and The Squib. Perhaps related to Ritchie, Cobban & Co 1825-26.
  • COCHRAN, James printer Edinburgh
    W. Sands A. Brymer A. Murray & J C 1739-43
    James Cochran & Co 1743
    W. Sands A. Murray & J. Cochran 1744-55
    Sands, Donaldson, Murray & Cochran 1755-9
    Sands, Murray & Cochran 1758-69
    A. Murray & J. Cochran 1769-72
    A. Murray & J. Cochran Craig's Close 1773-1782
    Burgess 21 March 1739 by right of father, William, writer. Married Margaret Robertson younger daughter of Mr Patrick Robertson sometime factor to Emilia Lady Dowager of Lovat 26 May 1745. Died 13 September 1784 Edinburgh Evening Courant 15 September 1784. Will registered 26 May 1785. Apprentices: Patrick Neill 13 June 1739, Burgess 18 October 1752; James Pillans, Burgess 11 May 1797.
    NLS Impr Ind; Edin Dir; EdinBurg; EdinMarr; EdinTest; EdinPren
  • COCHRAN, James bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1782
    Miss Isobel daughter of James Cochran married James Taylor bookbinder 16 September 1782.
  • COCHRAN, James printer Edinburgh
    Mr Cochrane Craig's Close 1782
    James Cochrane same address 1784-90
    York Place, South side 1800-1802
    39 York Place 1803
    37 York Place 1804-10
    James Cochrane of A. Murray and J. Cochrane 1780-1820
    [house] York Place, South side 1800-1802
    39 York Place 1803
    37 York Place 1804-10
    house 35 York Place 1811-12
    house 55 York Place 1813
    house 35 York Place 1814
    Mrs James Cochran same address 1815-17
    These are the house address of James Cochrane [junior] of Murray & Cochrane. He married Miss Janet daughter of Mr John Milne merchant 14 March 1800
    Edin Dir; EdinMarr
  • COCHRAN, Patrick printer Arbroath
    High-street 1820
    Peter Cochran same address 1825
    Pigot 1820; 1825
  • COCHRANE, G. newspaper office Edinburgh
    editor of the Caledonian Mercury 7 Great Stuart Street West 1830-31
    Edin Dir
  • COCHRANE, Peter lithographer Perth
    David Morison lithographer 2 Watergate 1825
    Peter Cochrane's name appears as the lithographer of The Catalogue of the Gray Library, Kinfauns Castle completed in 1828. His name has not been traced in any directories.
  • COCHRANE, William printer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1695-97
    Appears in a humorous list in The Burgess Ticket of Buckhaven by Mother Greg. Edinburgh, 1695. A child buried in Greyfriars Churchyard 3 April 1697.
  • COCK, Daniel bookseller Glasgow
    Glasgow 1748
    William Hutton. New constitution of the pretended Synod unmasked printed for him in Glasgow 1748.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • COCK, William printer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1693-1719
    Married Janet Cock 23 November 1693. Daughter Helen married John Robertson printer 12 June 1719.
  • COCK, William bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1758-90
    William Cock journeyman bookbinder married Anne Blair relict of James Ratrey writer in Perth 10 December 1758. Married Elizabeth daughter of James Whitlaw weaver 25 August 1790.
  • COCKBURN, Mr bookseller Kelso
    Kelso 1749
    Took in subscriptions for The Newcastle Magazine. Edinburgh Evening Courant 14 February 1749.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • COCKBURN, J. journeyman printer Edinburgh
    C. Stewart's printing-house 1808
    To the public. The Journeymen in Mr Stewart's Printing Office feel themself under the necessity of replying to the following paragraph, page 17, of Mr Roberton's last defence.
  • COCKBURN, John bookbinder Dalkeith
    High Street West 1852
    Slater 1852
  • COCKBURN, John printer Edinburgh
    Canongate 1791
    pressman or printer to William Turnbull 1792
    Head of West Bow 1796
    Married Janet daughter of James Steell 23 November 1791. Witness in the trial for treason of James Tytler 1792 (Indictment NLS LC1133(9).
    CanonMarr; Edin Dir
  • COCKBURN, Joseph map seller, mounter and colourer Edinburgh
    4 Brown Street 1824-25
    Pigot 1825; Edin Dir
  • COCKBURN, R. newspaper office Edinburgh
    Courant Office Old Fishmarket Close 1833-37
    Gray 1833; 1834; 1836; 1837
  • COCKBURN, Robert china, glass and paper warehouse Edinburgh
    stone warehouse 31 West College Street 1814-18
    china warehouse 12 Lothian Street 1819-24
    china glass and paper warehouse same address 1825-32
    china and glass warehouse same address 1833-34
    25 South Bridge 1835-37
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1820
  • COCKBURN, William bookseller and stationer Anstruther
    Anstruther 1792-1800
    Easter Anstruther 1820
    Shore 1825
    Anstruther 26-37
    Witness in the trial of William Stewart and John Elder for sedition 1792. Took in subscriptions to Farmer's and Edinburgh Magazines. Edinburgh Advertiser 21 January and 6 May 1800.
    NLS Impr Ind; Pigot 1820; 1825; Doughty
  • COCKBURN, William bookbinder &c. Edinburgh and Pittenweem
    Edinburgh 1786
    Pittenweem 1786
    'William Cockburn, a bookbinder from Edinburgh, had, about the close of the year 1786, opened a shop, as bookbinder, bookseller, stationer etc. in Pittenweem...picture books and halfpenny prints adorned the window of his shop,'
  • COCKBURN, William printer and publisher Edinburgh
    Swinton Row 1835
    and West Register Street 1836
    Names too late for insertion Edin Dir1836.
    Edin Dir
  • COCKBURN, William bookbinder &c. Edinburgh and Pittenweem
    Edinburgh 1786
    Pittenweem 1786
    'William Cockburn, a bookbinder from Edinburgh, had, about the close of the year 1786, opened a shop, as bookbinder, bookseller, stationer etc. in Pittenweem...picture books and halfpenny prints adorned the window of his shop,'
  • COGHILL, William foreman printer Wick
    William Rae Stafford Place 1839
    and reading room same address 1840-1850-
    John Mowat 'Books and Printing in Caithness' Records of the Glasgow Bibliographical Society vi 84-94 (1920)
  • COKE, William bookseller and librarian Leith
    clerk to Alexander Donaldson bookseller Edinburgh 1758-November 1764
    Foot of the Weigh-house Wynd on the shore 1764-93
    Shore, next shop to Bernard's Street 1794-1818
    40 Shore Leith 1813-18
    William Coke was a witness in 1767 in the Case of Alexander Donaldson v John Reid, where he is described as aged 20. He deponed that he was a clerk to Mr [Alexander] Donaldson from the year 1758 to November 1764. Member of the Edinburgh Bookseller's Society 7 February 1776. 'Died 18 May 1819, carried on business in the same premises for fifty-five years. He commenced in 1764 in the shop now occupied by Messrs. Reid & Son'.
    Timperley; NLS Impr Ind; Edin Dir; Kay; Petition of Alexander Donaldson February 28 1769; Sher. Edinburgh Booksellers
  • COLLIE, David Robertson printer Edinburgh
    John and David Collie 6 Niddry Street 1827-32
    4 Niddry Street 1833-35
    David R. Collie same address 1836-39
    [George] Thornton and [James] Brydone printers and booksellers 19 South Saint David Street 1836-38
    [George] Thornton and [David Robertson] Collie same address 1839-51
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1837
  • COLLIE, John engraver and copperplate printer Aberdeen
    [Thomas] Moodie & [John] Collie 3 Upperkirkgate 1826
    John Collie Aberdeen 1826-30
    18 Netherkirkgate 1831
    Cheyne's Court, 69 Broad Street 1832
    Aberdeen 1833-36
    Partnership between Thomas Moodie and John Collie dissolved Aberdeen Journal 30 August 1826. John Collie continued.
  • COLLIE, John printer Edinburgh
    155 Cowgate 1821-23
    6 Head of Niddrie Street 1824-26
    J[ohn] and D[avid] Collie 6 Niddry Street 1827-32
    4 Niddry Street 1833-36
    David R. Collie same address 1836-39
    Edin Dir; Gray 1836; Pigot 1825
  • COLLIE, John jun. printer Edinburgh
    2 North Bridge 1825-33
    of J. & D. Collie same address 1834-35
    John Collie same address 1836
    house address of John Collie of J. and D. Collie..
    Edin Dir
  • COLLIE, John bookseller Galashiels
    8 Market Place 1852
    Slater 1852
  • COLLIE, John and David printers Edinburgh
    6 Niddry Street 1827-32
    4 Niddry Street 1833-35
    David R. Collie same address 1836-39
    They appear separately for their house addresses 1827-36.
    Edin Dir
  • COLLIE, William bookseller, bookbinder and stationer Aberdeen
    47 Upper Kirkgate 1822-47
    Select Circulating Library 1827; shop for sale 1847, taken over by Lewis Smith.
    Beavan; Pigot 1825
  • COLLIER and PEATTIE stationers Edinburgh
    74 Princes Street 1812
    Edin Dir
  • COLLIER, William newspaper office Edinburgh
    of The Witness office 16 South Richmond Street 1850-52
    8 Heriot Place, Lauriston 1853
    2 West Nicolson Street 1854-55
    4 Gray's Court, Nicolson Street 1856-58
    Edin Dir
  • COLLINS, Edward and Richard papermakers and bleachers Dalmuir
    Dalmuir 1783
    Glas Dir
  • COLLINS, Edward paper maker Dunipace
    James Liddell Herbertshire Paper Mill 1789
    Daniel Macdonald same address November 1790
    Edward and Richard Collins same address 1791-95
    Francis Strachan and Gilbert Laing same address 1795-97
    Adam Grieve same address 1797-1800
    Charles Laing same address 1801-24
    Robert Weir same address 1824-33
    Andrew Duncan same address 1834-20th Century
    William Morehead owner of the Herbertshire estate built a papermill in 1789, Mill No 39, and leased it to a succession of tenants. Edward Collins of the Herbertshire Mill was sequestrated in 1795. In 1824 the mill was bought by Robert Weir a Glasgow stationer. He leased it to Andrew Duncan in 1834, who eventually bought it in 1860. He died in 1863 aged 53. The mill continued in his name until it was bought in 1906 by Carrongrove, who closed it down in 1908.
    Thomson; Ewen Jardine. 'The history of paper mills in Central Scotland'. IPH Yearbook vol.7 1988 81-93
  • COLLINS, Edward papermaker Kilpatrick and Glasgow
    Edward Collins Balgray Mill 1746-47
    Dalmuir Mill 1747-91
    Richard Collins same address 1780-1822
    J. & E. Collins Dalmuir Mill and 32 Bell Street, Glasgow 1820
    Dalmuir Mill and 50 Virginia Street, Glasgow 1823-25
    Dalmuir Mill and 48 Virginia Street 1828-40
    58 Brunswick Street 1844
    Edward Collins & Son papermakers and [dye] wood grinders same address 1847-49
    Edward Collins & Son Dalmuir Mill 1852-60
    Kelvindale Works, Kelvindale [Mill No 79] 1876
    Mill No 21 listed as Edward Collins in the Mill lists 1825; 1832. Richard Collins was the son of Edward Collins who founded the Dalmuir Mill in 1746, Edward Collins who had the Herbertshire Mill 1791-95 was Richard's brother. Edward Collins papermaker Dalmuir Burgess and Guild Brother [of Glasgow] gratis on the nomination of James Donald bailie 12 August 1761. Joshua Heywood merchant Burgess and Guild Brother [of Glasgow] as married to Bridget daughter to Edward Collins, papermaker at Dalmuir 17 November 1791. Richard Collins merchant Burgess and Guild Brother [of Glasgow] as eldest son to deceased Edward Collins papermaker 30 March 1808. E. Collins was at Dalmuir Mill, in Dumbartonshire in 1825 and 1832. From 1847-60 the firm was Edward Collins & Son. In 1849 they had a mill at Kelvindale, Maryhill.
    Pigot 1820; 1825; Glas Dir; Thomson; GlasBurg
  • COLLINS, J. & Edward paper makers Glasgow
    32 Bell Street 1818-20
    Glas Dir
  • COLLINS, Richard paper maker Dalmuir
    Edward Collins Dalmuir Mill 1746
    Richard Collins same address 1780-1822
    Richard Collins was the son of Edward Collins who founded the Dalmuir Mill in 1746, Edward Collins who had the Herbertshire Mill 1791-95 was Richard's brother.
  • COLLINS, Robert bookseller Dumfries
    Church-place 1820
    Pigot 1820
  • COLLINS, William & Co printers, bookbinders and publishers Glasgow
    [Charles] Chalmers and [William] Collins Wilson Street 23 September 1819
    68 Wilson-street 1820-22
    14 Wilson Street 1823
    15 & 63 Wilson Street 1825
    William Collins & Co printers Candlerigg Court 1825-30
    William Collins same addresses 1 April 1826- March 1833
    155 Ingram Street March 1832-38
    William Collins Sons & Co 111 North Montrose Street 1840-47
    and stereotypers and bookbinders same address 1849
    South Frederick Street 1846
    and lithographers 111 and 113 North Montrose Street 1853-60
    137 Stirling Road 1861
    Printers to the Queen for Scotland 75 St James Road 1862-68
    139 and 147 Stirling Road 1869
    79 St James Road 1870-79
    75-79 St James Road 1880-88
    139 St James Road 1889-20th Century
    Said to have been born in 1789, soon after 1800, William Collins was working as a handloom weaver in Pollockshaws, and at the age of 17 or 18 he became a clerk in John Monteith's weaving mill. In 1813, he opened a school in Campbell Street, Glasgow. He married Jane Barclay, daughter of a Paisley engineer. He became a personal friend of Thomas Chalmers, and opened a Sunday school in his house. His school and his association with Chalmers both flourished, and then suddenly in September 1819, he goes into the publishing and printing business with Thomas Chalmers younger brother Charles. The reason for this was, at least in part, that Thomas Chalmers had quarrelled with his publishers, the powerful firm of John Smith of Glasgow. The new firm accordingly was given all his new works to publish, which helped to establish them. In April 1826 Charles Chalmers left the firm. This was at the height of the book-trade bankruptcies in London. Collins bought him out with the aid of loans from his three brothers-in-law, and set himself to repay the debt. He also became a leading light of the temperance movement, drink being a massive social problem in the Scotland of that time. His relations with Dr Chalmers however became gradually more and more tempestuous, and in March or April 1846, Dr Chalmers transferred his literary interests to Oliver and Boyd. Charles Chalmers and William Collins of Chalmers & Collins Wilson Street both Burgess and Guild Brother by purchase 24 June 1823. William Collins junior married Annabella Proudfoot Glen in 1845. William Collins III was born on 6 September 1846. In the same year William Collins's, senior, wife and sister died, and he retired to Rothesay where he set up a mission, leaving the conduct of the firm to his only surviving son, William. William Collins senior died on 2 January 1853. William Collins junior of William Collins & Co house 115 Montrose Street 1847-49.
    Glas Dir; Pigot 1820; 1825; GlasBurg; Schenck; David Keir. The House of Collins: the Story of a Scottish family of publishers from 1789 to the present day. London, 1952.
  • COLLINS, William bookseller and stationer Glasgow
    30 Wilson Street 1828
    and printer 155 Ingram Street 1835
    and publisher 7 South Frederick Street 1840-44
    17 South Frederick Street 1817
    113 North Montrose Street 1849
    Glas Dir
  • COLMAR, John printer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1680-85
    John Colmar and Laurence Gunter, at Heriot's Bridge in the Grassmarket 1685
    John Colmer Edinburgh 1689-95
    One of the Dutch workmen brought over by John Cairns about 1680. Colmar and Gunter's address from imprint of Ninian Paterson's A panegyrick to Thomas Kennedie. Edinburgh, 1685. John Colmer Printer appears in a humorous list in The Burgess Ticket of Buckhaven by Mother Greg. Edinburgh, 1689, and also in the 1695 edition.
    Aldis 1904
  • COLQUHOUN circulating library Edinburgh
    9 Abbey 1826
    Edin Dir
  • COLQUHOUN, A. newspaper editor Greenock
    Editor of The Greenock Intelligencer - house Bay of Quick 1834
    house - 2 St Andrew Street 1836
    Fowler 1834; 1836
  • COLQUHOUN, James printer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1723
    Daughter Mary married Robert Paris son of William Paris tailor 20 December 1723.
  • COLQUHOUN [COLHOUN], James printer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1744-45
    Married Janet Tait, daughter of the late John Tait shoemaker in Kirkbraehead 4 November 1744. Married Sarah Simpson daughter of the late William Simpson indweller in Leith. Proclamation stopped 19 May 1745.
  • COLQUHOUN, T. & J. printers Edinburgh
    South Lane Rose Street 1827
    Edin Dir
  • COLQUHOUN, Thomas printer Edinburgh
    Old Stamp Office Close [221 High Street] 1822-25
    T. & J. Colquhoun South Lane Rose Street 1827
    Thomas Colquhoun 29 Hanover Street 1828-29
    Number 1824.
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1825
  • COLQUHOUN, Thomas printer Edinburgh
    1 John's Place 1843-44
    Thomas Colquhoun & Co Old Assembly Close 1845-46
    Thomas Colquhoun 227 High Street 1847
    Edin Dir
  • COLQUHOUN, W.D. bookseller Edinburgh
    2 West College Street 1849-50
    bookseller and newsagent same address 1851-52
    Edin Dir
  • COLSTON, Alexander printer Edinburgh
    East Rose Street Lane 1835-44
    23 East Rose Street Lane 1845-49
    A. Colston & Son 23 East Rose Street 1850-52
    Colston & Son 80 Rose Street 1853-85
    Colston & Co same address 1886-20th Century
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1837
  • COLSTON, James printer Edinburgh
    56 High Street 1823-29
    East Rose Street 1830-34
    Heirs of J. Colston same address 1835
    'painter' 1823
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1825; Gray 1835
  • COLSTON, John stationer Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1715-17
    Burgess 28 September 1715. Will registered 14 May 1729.
    NLS Impr Ind; EdinBurg; EdinTest
  • COLVILL, Alexander newspaper printer, printer and bookseller Dundee
    T. Colvill and Son Church-Lane 1799-1801
    A. Colvill & Co Nether-gate 1818-22
    Vault 1824
    In partnership with his father Thomas. Succeeded him on his death in 1819. Not in Pigot 1825. Printer of The Dundee Courier. Spelt Colville in 1822 and 1824.
    NLS Impr Ind; Dundee Delin; Dundee 1818-22; Pigot 1820
  • COLVILLE, Alexander printer Glasgow
    M. Colville 5 Melville Place 1828
    Alexander Colville same address 1835
    Glas Dir
  • COLVILL [COLVILLE], George bookbinder Glasgow
    26 Bell Street 1815-25
    55 Bell Street 1828
    Glas Dir; Pigot 1820; 1825
  • COLVILLE, George bookbinder Glasgow
    67 Nelson Street 1835
    George Colville merchant Burgess and Guild Brother as serving apprentice with Robert Colville stationer 24 November 1832.
    Glas Dir; GlasBurg
  • COLVILLE, M. printer Glasgow
    5 Melville Place 1828
    Alexander Colville same address 1835
    Glas Dir
  • COLVIL, Robert bookbinder Glasgow
    Glasgow 1760-1772
    Trongate 1783
    Above 98 Trongate 1787-89
    Old Wynd 1809
    Apprentices: Allan Provan apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 1760; James Colwell apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 1761; Thomas Craig apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 1765; John Brown apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 12 November 1770; John Macfarlane apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 23 June 1772
    Glas Dir; Maxted
  • COLVILLE, Robert stationer Glasgow
    Glasgow 1765-1832
    Apprenticed to James Robb bookbinder Glasgow 1750; Burgess and Guild Brother as serving apprentice with James Robb stationer.14 June 1765. Apprentices: Thomas Craig merchant Finniestoun Burgess and Guild Brother as serving apprentice with Robert Colville stationer 4 August 1817. George Colville merchant Burgess and Guild Brother as serving apprentice with Robert Colville stationer 24 November 1832.
    Maxted; GlasBurg
  • COLVILLE, Robert bookbinder Glasgow
    43 Queen Street 1840
    95 Argyll Street 1843-47
    & Co same address 1849
    Burgess and Guild Brother as eldest son to George Colville merchant [1832] 10 January 1843.
    Glas Dir; GlasBurg
  • COLVILLE, Thomas printer Dundee
    T. Colville & Co. Printing house West side of the Burial Wynd Overgait 1775
    T. Colville 1778
    T. Colville and Company 1780
    Thomas Colville, in the Kirkwynd, [at the sign of Mercury] 1783-99
    Thomas Colville & Son Church Lane 1799-1802
    Bisset's Close in the Overgait 1802?-1805
    Key's Close 1816-23
    Succeeded Henry Galbraith in August 1775. Published The Dundee Magazine from 1775-78 and from 1799-1802, and The North British Miscellany and Dundee Amusement 1778-1780. Printed a chapbook edition of The history of the king and the cobler in 1781. This seems to have been his only chapbook. In 1783 he published the first Dundee directory, The Dundee Register and Directory. Took his son Alexander into partnership in 1799. Printed The Dundee Courier from 1816-23. Kidd's Guide to Dundee notes that Thomas Colville died on 22 August 1819, and was succeeded by his son.
    Chapbook Printers; NLS Imp Ind; Pigot 1820; Millar
  • COLWELL, James apprentice bookbinder Glasgow
    Glasgow 1761
    James Colwell apprenticed to Robert Colvill bookbinder Glasgow 1761.
  • COMB, George paper maker Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1799
    Married Mary daughter of John Kirkpatrick farmer in Thornhill 1 November 1799.
  • COMB, John bookbinder Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1772
    Married Margaret daughter to William Drysdale brewer in Alloa 15 November 1772.
  • COMBE, Joseph papermaker Duntocher
    Duntocher 1806?-08
  • COMB, William printing rule maker Edinburgh
    brass worker 2 Romilly Place
    printing rule maker same address 1831
    Edin Dir
  • COMBS, James paper and rag merchant Glasgow
    54 Stockwell Street 1844
    Glas Dir
    98 South Bridge 1811-12
    37 South Bridge 1813-15
    Edin Dir
    Edinburgh Compositors' Society at Messrs. Ballantine & Co. Printers - David Stewart, Preses 1825
    [Neill & Co] Old Fishmarket Close - John Greig preses 1826
    Scotsman Office, 257 High Street - W. Miller preses 1827
    Clarke & Co, Old Stamp Office Close - R. Marshall, preses 1828
    [Neill & Co] 10 Old Fishmarket Close - Charles M'Pherson preses 1829-30
    Compositors Society 10 Old Fishmarket Close - Charles M'Pherson preses 1831
    Old Bank Close - J.Logan, preses 1832
    [Ballantyne & Co] Paul's Work D. Fergusson, preses 1833-34
    Constable's Printing Office [1 Thistle Street] - D. Hoe, Praeses 1835
    Messrs Neill and Cos Printing Office - John M'Queen preses 1836-37
    Courant Printing Office - J. Baxter preses 1838
    Mercury Office - R. Lindsay preses 1839
    North British Advertiser Office - R. Lindsay preses 1840-45
    Caledonian Mercury Office - Thomas Wright clerk 1846-47
    Oliver & Boyd's - William G. Souter clerk 1848
    William G. Souter clerk - 10 Middle Arthur Place 1849-50
    Edinburgh Compositors' Society founded 1824. There was a Society of Journeymen Printers (1750?-) There are articles with a list of members for 1824 in the Edinburgh Room Edinburgh City Library.
    Edin Dir; Ian MacDougall. A Catalogue of some Labour Records in Scotland. Edinburgh, 1978 10b; 14b
    1 Wallace Court 1818-19
    Glas Dir
  • CONDIE, David bookseller and librarian Rothesay
    Watergate 1825
    Pigot 1825
  • CONDIE, James bookbinder Paisley
    Paisley 1790-1819
    87 Moss-street 1820-31
    James Condie & Son 42 Moss Street 1834
    6 Christie Terrace - house 42 Moss Street 1838
    Married Elisabeth daughter of John Mill residenter in Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh 11 June 1790. A James Condie bookbinder, Paisley was buried in the Kirkyard of Paisley High Kirk in 1818.
    CanonMarr; Pigot 1820; Fowler 1831, 1834; Paisley 1838; J.F. & S. Mitchell. Monumental Inscriptions of Renfrewshire. 1992;
  • CONNACHER, A. printer Edinburgh
    2 East Greenside Lane 1833
    Gray 1833
  • CONNAL, Michael bookseller Stirling
    Stirling 1788
    Sold copies of A warning against Socinianism. Falkirk 1788.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • CONNELL, James printer Newton, Ayr
    Main Street 1852
    Slater 1852
  • CONOLLY, Erskine bookseller Cupar, Fife
    St Catherine's-street 1820
    A minor Scottish poet, born at Crail in Fife 12 June 1796. Educated at the burgh school and and apprenticed to Mr William Cockburn bookseller at Anstruther. He began in business as a bookseller in Colinsburgh, but afterwards went to Edinburgh, and after serving for some time Mr Thomas Megget W.S. as a clerk, went into partnership with Mr James Gillon, writer and messenger, and after his death carried on the business of messenger under his own name. He died at Edinburgh 7 January 1843. His poems were never collected, byt appeared in the Edinburgh newspapers. His best-known song Mary Macneil appeared originally in The Edinburgh Intelligencer. The M.F. Conolly who edited the Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Men of Fife was is brother.
    DNB; Pigot 1820; M.F. Conolly. Biograpical Dictionary of Eminent Men of Fife. Cupar in Fife, 1866 126-127; James Grant Wilson. The Poets and Poetry of Scotland. London, 1877 ii 175-176
  • CONNOLLY, James S. printer Edinburgh
    212 Canongate 1848
    28 Salisbury Place 1849
    5 North Bank Street 1850-51
    212 Canongate 1852-53
    9 Montagu Street 1854
    no trade same address 1855
    printer 11 Abbey Hill 1856-58
    7 Park Street 1859
    of Ballantyne & Co 7 Park Street 1860-64
    5 Hope Park Crescent 1865
    Edin Dir
  • CONNELLY, William bookseller & librarian Dumbarton
    High Street 1852
    Slater 1852
  • CONQUEROR, David apprentice bookseller Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1721
    David Conqueror, son of Robert Conqueror mercer of Perth, apprenticed to Hugh Mosman bookseller Edinburgh 1721.
  • CONQUEROR, Robert merchant and bookseller Perth
    A little above the Cross 1709
    Perth 1724
    Advertisements Edinburgh Evening Courant 24 October 1709 and Caledonian Mercury 11 February 1724. Son David apprenticed to Hugh Mosman bookseller Edinburgh 1721.
    NLS Impr Ind
  • CONSTABLE, Archibald bookseller, stationer and publisher Edinburgh
    At the Cross 1794-98
    Opposite the Cross Well, North Side 1799-1804
    Archibald Constable & Co. same address 1804-10
    255 High St 1811-22
    10-11 Princes St 1823
    10 Princes Street 1824-27
    17 Waterloo Place 1828
    19 Waterloo Place 1829-31
    Born at Carnbee in Fife 24 February 1774. Apprenticed to Peter Hill bookseller, Edinburgh for six years 2 February 1788 - January 1794. Agreed to remain with Peter Hill as shopman for one year more. Married Mary Willison, daughter of David Willison, printer in Edinburgh, 16 January 1795. Member of the Edinburgh Bookseller's Society 4 April 1796. In 1804 he took Alexander Gibson Hunter into partnership and the firm became Archibald Constable & Co. Gibson Hunter retired from the partnership in 1811 to manage his estate which he had inherited on the death of his father in the previous year. Constable then entered into partnership with Robert Cathcart. At Cathcart's request his brother-in-law Robert Cadell was included in the partnership, which was to last for ten years. Robert Cathcart however died 18 November 1812. Constable's wife died 28 October 1814. Robert Cadell married Constable's eldest daughter on 14 October 1817. She died on 16 July 1818. Cadell remained with the firm until the crash of 1826. On the 12 February 1818, Constable remarried: his wife being Charlotte, daughter of the late John Neale. As a direct result of the bankruptcy of Constable's London agents Hurst, Robinson, and a long-term effect of the system of discounted bills set up in 1814 to prevent the immediate bankruptcy of Ballantyne & Co the firm of Archibald Constable & Co stopped payment on 19 January 1826. Archibald Constablr and Robert Cadell went their separate ways, Scott choosing to stay with Cadell. The company went into receivership, but Constable had the comfort of seeing his Miscellany published and a great success. Constable died on 21 July 1827. The National Library of Scotland has sale catalogues of 1799, 1801 and 1808 and that of the sequestrated estate. Archibald Fyfe of Constable & Co 1820; H.S.Constable of Constable & Co 1830. Archibald Constable died 21 July 1827. Archibald Constable's correspondence and that of the firm is in the National Library of Scotland (MSS 319-334; 668-684; 789-92 etc.). Sequestration in SRO 1827
    NLS Impr Ind; Edin Dir; Constable; DNB; CanonMarr; Timperley 901-3; Thomas Constable. Archibald Constable and his Literary Correspondents. 3 vols. Edinburgh, 1873; Jane Millgate 'Archibald Constable and the Problem of London "Quite the connection we have been looking for" The Library sixth series xviii, 110-23; SRO CS96/696/1 and 2; Sher. Edinburgh Booksellers
  • CONSTABLE, Thomas printer Edinburgh
    1 Thistle Street 1834-37
    East Thistle Street 1838
    11 [East] Thistle Street 1839-42
    Printer to Her Majesty same address 1843-52
    31 St Andrew Square 1853
    Thomas Constable & Co publishers same address 1854
    13 Thistle Street 1855-60
    11 Thistle Street 1861-70
    T. & A. Constable Printers to Her Majesty same address 1871-20th Century
    Youngest son of Archibald Constable and Mary, daughter of David Willison, printer. Born 29 June 1812. He learnt the printing business in London, with C. Richards printer of St Martin's Lane. He married Lucia Anne, daughter of William Cowan papermaker of Valleyfield Mills. On 7 September 1839 he was appointed Her Majesty's Printer and Publisher for Scotland, but without a monopoly on printing. In 1859 he became Printer to the University of Edinburgh. In 1860 he gave up the publishing side of the business, his stock being sold of by Edmonston & Douglas. He took his son Archibald into the business in 1865. He wrote Archibald Constable and his literary correspondents. Edinburgh, 1873. He died on the 26 May 1881.
    Edin Dir; Pigot 1837; Brief notes on the origins of T. & A. Constable Ltd. Edinburgh, 1936
    21 Argyll Street 1840-49
    Glas Dir
  • COOK, Joseph bookseller St Andrew's
    80 Market Street 1824-58
    Joseph Cook & Son booksellers, printers, bookbinders same address 1858-1900
    Joseph Cook, son of David Cook of the 5th Regiment of the North British Militia and Jane Steel, was born at Fort George, Inverness on 10 August 1799. On 12 October 1814, Joseph Cook was apprenticed to Robert Tullis & Co as a bookbinder and stationer. After his discharge, he continued with Tullis as a journeyman. From about 1821, Tullis took over the management of the shop and bindery, of his old master Patrick Bower of St Andrews, on behalf of Bower's daughters Isabel and Janet, and appointed Cook as his shopman in St Andrews. In 1824, Tullis handed over the management of the shop to Cook, who then began business under his own name. He leased the shop until after the death of the two daughters. Subsequently, 20 July 1858, he bought the shop from the Bower Trustees for £325. On 14 April of the same year he had taken his second son George into partnership. At about the same time he acquired a small printing press. Joseph Cook died 5 October 1868, and was succeeded in the business by his second son George Cook. In 1900 the business was bought by W.C. Henderson & Co of St Andrews.
    Campbell Leven; Doughty; Pigot 1825; Slater 1852
  • COOPER, Edward A. printer Edinburgh
    17 Canning Place 1843
    5 Causewayside 1844-47
    11 Causewayside 1848
    5 North Newington Place 1849
    31 Cumberland Street 1850-55
    2 George Street North Leith 1856-58
    Christian name 1844-49.
    Edin Dir
  • COOPER, Richard engraver Edinburgh
    Edinburgh 1720-62
    Opposite Canongate Church 1763-64
    An Englishman, born about 1696 or 1697, studied engraving under John Pine (1690-1756). Induced by his friend and fellow artist, Alexander Guthrie, Richard Cooper to visit Edinburgh with him, he settled there. He was best known for his portraits in line and mezzotint. He married Ann Lind youngest daughter of the late George Lind merchant and baillie in Edinburgh 24 December 1738, they had a son also Richard. The father died in Edinburgh 20 January 1764 aged 67; Buried in Restalrig Churchyard Caledonian Mercury 23 January 1764.
    EdinMarr; NLS Impr Ind; Restalrig; DNB; Johnst3
  • COOPER, Richard engraver Edinburgh and London?
    Canongate, Edinburgh 1740-1779
    Charles Street, St James London from about 1787
    Son of Richard Cooper, engraver, and Ann Lind. He was born in the Canongate, Edinburgh 6 February 1740. Studied under his father and in Paris under Jacques Philippe Le Bas (1707-1783). Married Francis Ramsay of London 11 August 1777 in the Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh. He worked mostly in London. Died in England after 1810.
    CanonMarr; DNB; Johnst3
  • COOPER, Thomas bookbinder Edinburgh
    Mill's Close, Canongate 1808-15
    Edin Dir
  • COPLAND, Alexander apprentice printer London
    London 1610-19
    Son of Thomas Copland, deceased, Merchant of Aberdeen bound apprentice to Felix Kingston, printer of London, 3rd December 1610 for nine years from 29 September 1610. Freed of the Stationers Company, London 5 April 1619.
    D.F. Mackenzie. 'A List of Printers' Apprentices 1605-1640' Studies in Bibliography xiii, 125. (1960)

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