Individual documents from our collections, relating to famous or dramatic moments in the history of the nation, include:
- The last letter of Mary, Queen of Scots (1587)
- The order for the massacre of Glencoe (1692)
- Several original, signed copies of the National Covenant (1638-1639), the document that sparked off the mid-17th century civil wars in the three kingdoms of the British Isles.
The Denmylne State Papers, collected by Sir James Balfour, contain many letters and documents relating to the foreign policy of the pre-1603 Kingdom of Scotland.