Images from the Auld Esperanto Collection
A rare copy of the first, disastrous, English translation of Zamenhof's introduction to Esperanto (1888). The first page of text shows all too clearly the translator's limitations.
The second English translation (1889) produced a more acceptable version. Zamenhof suppressed the first translation in favour of this superior text.
Read about the Auld Esperanto Collection at the National Library of Scotland.