Important acquisitions

A treatise on ploughs and wheel-carriages.

Author Small, James, 1740-1793
Title A treatise on ploughs and wheel-carriages.
Imprint Edinburgh: Printed for the author and sold by W. Creech and C. Elliot?,
Date of Publication 1784
Language English
Notes This book, according to the inscription on the front pastedown, was presented by the Duke of Buccleuch ? Henry Scott (1746-1812) to ?Mr. Ducket at Petersham, April 1786, with a plow made by James Small in Scotland 1786?. The 3rd Duke of Buccleuch was one of number of Small?s patrons. Others were Henry Home (Lord Kames), Sir John Sinclair, the man behind the first Statistical Accounts in the 1790s and the Berwickshire landowner, James Renton. It is not known who Mr. Ducket was ? possibly a landowner in Petersham, Surrey. The book is also inscribed on the title page ?Dalkeith House 1784? - one of the homes of the Duke of Buccleuch. The duke, as well as being one of the greatest landowners in Scotland, was also an army officer and acted as advisor to the politicians Henry Dundas and William Pitt the Younger.This work was the first to set out the scientific principles of plough design in print and was the standard text on the subject until the 1830s. The author, James Small, born in Ladykirk in Berwickshire, learned about ploughs and wagons both in Berwickshire and in Yorkshire. When he returned to Scotland, he settled on a farm at Blackadder Mount, Berwickshire where he began to experiment with ploughs. In the early 1780s Small moved to Rosebank, Ford, in Midlothian just a few miles from Dalkeith House. As well as designing ploughs he also had his own workshop and smithy, making ploughs, wagons and carts. Small?s main innovation was in his use of cast iron and generally speaking his plough was much lighter that the ?old Scotch? ploughs.
Shelfmark RB.s.2597
Reference Sources B, ESTC T150379
Acquired on 04/04/05
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