Source and activity 3
Fairy tale characters: The villain
Good and evil
The villain is the evil character in the story. Their main intention is to harm or kill the main character, or to prevent them from achieving success, love, and happiness. Examples include:
- The wolf in 'Little Red Riding Hood'
- The stepmother and ugly sisters in 'Cinderella'
- The queen in 'Snow White'.
The struggle between the hero and the villain — good and evil — is often at the centre of the fairy tale and drives the action in the story. The hero and the villain are at odds with each other. They each want a different outcome, and this produces conflict and competition.
- Read the following stories:
- Ask the pupils to decide:
- Who is the villain in the story?
- What words are used to describe the villain? What do they look like?
- Does the villain have any magic powers, or do they rely on natural cunning and cleverness?
- What happens to the villain at the end of the story?
- Compare the villains in the stories. What do
they have in common, and how are they different?
Literacy and English experiences and outcomes: [ENG 1-19a; ENG 2-19a; LIT 1-16a; LIT 2-16a; ENG 1-17a; ENG 2-17a; LIT 1-09a; LIT 2-09a; LIT 1-07a; LIT 2-07a]
- Ask the pupils to choose one of the above
stories, and to re-tell it from the villain's point of view. What
does the villain think of the main character or hero, and why? What
feelings and thoughts do they have? You might want to use
'Troll's-eye view: A book of villanous tales' by Ellen Datlow and
Terri Windling (Firebird, 2010) to spark off some ideas.
[ENG 1-31a; ENG 2-31a; LIT 1-14a; LIT 2-14a; ENG 1-31a; ENG 2-31a]
- Work with the class to create some 'wanted'
posters for some of the most notorious fairy tale villains, such as
the wolf in 'Little Red Riding Hood', the queen in 'Snow White', or
the witch in 'Hansel and Gretel'. Each poster should feature a
portrait of the villain, a description of their personality and
what they look like, and details of why they are wanted by the
Expressive Arts experiences and outcomes: [EXA 1-05a; EXA 2-05a; EXA 1-04a; EXA 2-04a]
- Use the silhouette of the witch on this page
to create the template for a shadow puppet. Choose a fairy tale
which features a witch, and work with the class to create shadow
puppets based on the other characters. Re-tell the fairy tale using
[EXA 1-13a; EXA 2-13a]
- Look at the image of the witch at the top of
this page. What is happening in the picture? What is the witch
doing? What might be her relationship with the baby? What might
happen next in the story?.
[LIT 1-07a; LIT 2-07a]
Download character comparison activity (PDF: 47KB; 2 pages)
Related material at NLS
Find out more about fairy tales and the Brothers Grimm in NLS collections:
Search our main catalogue for books about fairy tales and the Brothers Grimm.
Discover more about the Brothers Grimm in our past treasures display.
Take part in our exciting Hansel and Gretel creative writing competitions.
Read a news story about the Grimms' Scottish connections in a letter that Jacob Grimm wrote to Sir Walter Scott.