Caroline Norton was an author of poems, political pamphlets, novels and plays and a social campaigner for the rights of women and children.
John Murray published her poem 'A Voice from the Factories', which raised the problems faced by child workers, in 1836.
Her campaigning had arisen out of her unhappy marriage to George Norton. Her husband disapproved of her mixing in literary circles, beat her and accused her of being unfaithful.
When the couple divorced George used his legal rights to separate Caroline from their three sons.